Short essay on politics in india

The return of history

In more recent developments, surprisingly, none of the various Lokpal bills address the issue of electoral corruption. While the apparent silence of the politicians on this issue is understood, one can only speculate as to why Team Anna and various other non-governmental bodies pitching for a strong Lokpal have remained silent on this issue. Reforms, if any, have come from the judiciary and the Election Commission.

However, mere directives and enforcement by the Election Commission and Supreme Court are insufficient. This figure is measly when compared to the fact that the Election Commission itself estimated that over Rs. You must be logged in to post a comment. He was one of the prime architects of modern India and strongest advocates of Swaraj Self Rule.

He was universally recognized as the "Father of Indian Movement". Bhagat Singh. Bhagat Singh was among the prominent revolutionaries who shaped the base of a grand national movement. Following his execution, on March 23, , the supporters and followers of Bhagat Singh regarded him as a "Shaheed", "martyr". Chandrasekhar Azad.

A contemporary of Bhagat Singh, Chandrasekhar Azad was a born firebrand revolutionary. He engaged in a heroic battle against the British. His role was crucial in inspiring the others of his generation to participate in the national movement for freedom. Gopal Krishna Gokhale. Gokhale was a senior leader of the Indian National Congress. He was one of the most learned men in the country, a leader of social and political reformists and one of the earliest and founding leaders of the Indian Independence Movement. Indira Gandhi.

654 words essay on The Indian Politician

Indira Gandhi was, undoubtedly, one of the greatest political leaders of India. She was the first and only woman to be elected as the Prime Minister. She is also regarded as the most controversial political leader of the country for her unprecedented decision of imposing "a state of emergency". Jawaharlal Nehru. Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Prime Minister of independent India.

He was a member the Congress Party that led the freedom movement against British Empire. Nehru was one of the architects who had the opportunity to steer the newly freed-nation. He was also the chief framer of domestic and international policies between and Lala Lajpat Rai. Disparity between the ideologies of the political parties ruling the centre and the state leads to severely skewed allocation of resources between the states. The lack of homogeneity in the Indian population causes division between different sections of the people based on religion , region , language , caste and race.

This has led to the rise of political parties with agendas catering to one or a mix of these groups. Parties in India also target people who are not in favour of other parties and use them as an asset. Rama Rao which demands for rights and needs of people of the state only. Some other parties claim to be universal in nature, but tend to draw support from particular sections of the population. The narrow focus and votebank politics of most parties, even in the central government and central legislature, sidelines national issues such as economic welfare and national security.

Moreover, internal security is also threatened as incidences of political parties instigating and leading violence between two opposing groups of people is a frequent occurrence.

Economic issues like poverty , unemployment , development are main issues that influence politics. Garibi hatao eradicate poverty has been a slogan of the Indian National Congress for a long time. The Communist Party of India Marxist vehemently supports left-wing politics like land-for-all , right to work and strongly opposes neo-liberal policies such as globalisation , capitalism and privatisation. Terrorism , Naxalism , religious violence and caste-related violence are important issues that affect the political environment of the Indian nation. Terrorism has affected politics India since its conception, be it the terrorism supported from Pakistan or the internal guerrilla groups such as Naxalites.

In the former prime minister Rajiv Gandhi was assassinated during an election campaign. The Babri Masjid demolition on December 6, by Hindu Karsevaks resulted in nationwide communal riots in two months, with worst occurring in Mumbai with at least dead.

Essay on role of students in indian politics |

Law and order issues, such as action against organised crime are issues which do not affect the outcomes of elections. On the other hand, there is a criminal—politician nexus. Many elected legislators have criminal cases against them. In July , the Washington Post reported that nearly a fourth of the Indian Parliament members faced criminal charges, "including human trafficking , child prostitution immigration rackets, embezzlement , rape and even murder ".

The President is eligible for re-elections; however, in India's independent history, only one president has been re-elected, Rajendra Prasad. It is on the President's recommendation that the Houses of Parliament meet, and only the president has the power to dissolve the Lok Sabha. Furthermore, no bill passed by Parliament can become law without the president's assent.

However, the role of the president of India is highly ceremonial. All the powers of the president mentioned above are exercised on recommendation of the Union Cabinet , and the president does not have much discretion in any of these matters. The president also does not have discretion in the exercise of his executive powers, as the real executive authority lies in the cabinet. The current President is Ram Nath Kovind.

The Office of the Vice-President of India is constitutionally the second most senior office in the country, after the President. The vice-president is also elected by an electoral college, consisting of members of both houses of parliament. The Vice-President fills in a vacancy in the office of President till the election of a new president.

His only regular function is that he functions as the Chairman of the Rajya Sabha.

The current Vice President is M. Venkaiah Naidu.

The democratic distemper

The Union Council of Ministers, headed by the Prime Minister, is the body with which the real executive power resides. The Prime Minister is the recognized head of the government. The Union Council of Ministers is the body of ministers with which the PM works with on a day-to-day basis. Work is divided between various ministers into various departments and ministries. The Union cabinet is a smaller body of ministers which lies within the Council of Ministers, which is the most powerful set of people in the country, playing an instrumental role in legislation and execution alike.

It is the Union Cabinet that co-ordinates all foreign and domestic policy of the Union. It exercises immense control over administration, finance, legislation, military, etc. India has a federal form of government, and hence each state also has its own government. The executive of each state is the Governor equivalent to the president of India , whose role is ceremonial. The real power resides with the Chief Minister equivalent to the Prime Minister and the state council of ministers. States may either have a unicameral or bicameral legislature, varying from state to state.

The Chief Minister and other state ministers are also members of the legislature.

Since the s, Indian politics has become dynastic, possibly due to the absence of a party organization, independent civil society associations that mobilize support for the party, and centralized financing of elections. One example of dynastic politics has been the Nehru—Gandhi family which produced three Indian prime ministers. Family members have also led the Congress party for most of the period since when Indira Gandhi floated the then Congress I faction of the party. Former minister and minelord G Janardhana Reddy worked out a method to circumvent the Anti-Defection Law and secured the support of legislators needed to take BJP past the mark.

BJP, through Reddy and some other senior leaders, managed to make three Congress and four JDS legislators resign from their seats, allegedly by offering political and money power. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Constitution and law. Government of India.

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Election commission : Chief Election Commissioner Election commissioners Recent general elections: Recent state elections : Administrative divisions States and union territories ——————— State governments Governors List Chief ministers List Chief secretary Principal secretaries Field-level officers Divisional commissioners District magistrates Sub-divisional magistrates Legislatures: Vidhan Sabha Vidhan Parishad ——————— Local governments: Rural bodies: District councils Block panchayats Gram panchayats Urban bodies: Municipal corporations Municipal councils Nagar panchayats.

Other countries Atlas. For other political parties, see List of political parties in India. An overview on elections and election results is included in Elections in India. Main articles: Indian general election and Indian general election, Main article: List of political parties in India. Main articles: Panchayati Raj and Local self-government in India. Far-left Centre-left.