Preservation and conservation of resources on earth essay

They hold soil in place and naturally filter water that has been absorbed into the ground. The waters of the ocean are undeniably enchanting, but there is much more to it than visual splendor.

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When we look up at the clouds and feel the rain, the ocean is to thank for it. Home to countless types of marine life and plants, the ocean is both a shelter and a life source. Finally, the soil stands as its own supporter of life by acting as a supplier of food and a filter of water. Soil that is of good quality produces crops that feed humans and animals. Plants and flowers sprout up from the ground through the soil, helping to regulate our climate.

The trees, the seas, and the ground; these three elements are necessary for our existence, and there are still more parts of nature that we need to protect. This is why there are a large number of conservationists, many of which have dedicated themselves to protecting specific causes. By embracing and promoting alternative energy sources , Mother Earth would be relieved.

If every household incorporated the concepts of sustainable living by using less and conserving more, the positive impact would be immeasurable. Solar energy and wind power are two of the renewable energy options that we could use more often. Yet, a large amount of energy we exhaust comes from the burning of non-renewable fossil fuels to power cars, the electricity in homes and much more.

Begin to conserve by making small changes to everyday routines. For example, use window light instead of turning on lights during the day and replace standard light bulbs with bulbs that are energy efficient and last for an extended period of time while requiring less energy to run. Deforestation continues to be a major environmental issue. Many forests are losing countless acres of valuable trees, and because these trees are destroyed, the greenhouse gases they were storing go back into the atmosphere and contribute to global warming. Animals and people lose their food supply and homes, and the economic status of a region can also change because less forests often leads to less employment opportunities in the area.

Planting trees is a way to give back because it aids in the restoration of homes for wildlife, food sources, and medicinal properties that only the trees provide. As trees grow, they protect soil from harsh weather conditions and protect us from excess carbon dioxide, enabling us to live longer and more comfortably.


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Help to protect the quality of soil through composting. When we feed the soil, especially by using leftover parts of food that would otherwise be thrown away, we give the soil nutrients that it craves. Enriching the soil this way sets off a positive chain of events that allows for other plants to grow naturally, leading to improved air quality and adding to the beauty of the land. Cars are constantly driven all over the world and are major contributors to pollution.

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Keep your vehicle in top shape to cut back on the carbon that it releases into the atmosphere. When you go car shopping or need to replace your vehicle, look beyond the outer appearance and consider the environmental impact. Surely we are missing the heart and soul of conservation here? Why do we want to conserve anything in the first place? Why do we bother to conserve anything? For most of those actively involved in conservation, our motivation is clear. We conserve nature as an ethical choice. We value the wild species and natural habitats with which we share this planet, not solely for what they give us, but also as having their own right to exist and flourish.

We reject any notion that suggests that species should pay their own way in order to have a right to be here on the Earth with us. It refers to the aesthetic, scientific, recreational and economic values of nature. All of these are values placed on nature by humans. In recent years, as conservationists have fought harder and harder to convince others of the need for nature conservation, we have appealed more and more to the utilitarian or instrumental values of nature, because we believe, rightly or wrongly, that arguments for conservation based on intrinsic values alone will not be sufficient to persuade, for example, governments or the private sector.

There is no question that nature does provide benefits to people, including economic benefits. For example, forest conserved on water catchments maintains a year-round flow of clean water in streams. Many species produce products that are commercially valuable, for example as medicine, food, or products such as wood. And there are whole industries based on nature, such as ecotourism, fisheries and forestry. Natural ecosystems also play critical roles in sequestering carbon thus reducing climate change impacts , or preventing soil erosion, or providing coastline defence for example coral reefs and mangroves , or providing for spiritual enrichment and recreational enjoyment so-called cultural services.

As noted earlier, conservation programmes can bring benefits for local communities, but sometimes the human beneficiaries of ecosystem services are far distant from the site of the conservation programme as with climate regulation services for example. Discussions along these lines have led to serious debates within the conservation community on our underlying values.

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At the opposite extreme, others have claimed that we should conserve nature only for its intrinsic value. This debate is made more complex by the fact that people are inevitably part of nature; we all live in an ecosystem whether we like it or not.

Debates have become particularly heated when some proponents of natural capital have started to put monetary values on nature. Many of those that emphasise intrinsic values believe that this is ethically wrong. The danger of putting a monetary value on, say, a forest, is that it could give justification for destroying that forest if the monetary value of an alternative, destructive land-use is higher.

This is not an academic debate. At the time of writing, there is a proposal to destroy the Atewa Forest in Ghana because it is sitting on top of a valuable bauxite deposit. But the Atewa Forest includes many species that occur nowhere else in the world. Mining the bauxite will mean extinction for these species. But to be fair, by no means all proponents of ecosystem services or natural capital arguments support putting a monetary value on nature; rather they feel that such concepts are a useful way to persuade decision-makers of the multiple reasons for conserving nature.

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Or is couching conservation in economic terms — natural capital, ecosystem services — the only realistic hope there is for protecting biodiversity? Increasingly in Synchronicity Earth we wonder if this is a productive discussion. If we really care about nature, then surely conservation has to be practical; it needs to work.


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Everything we hear on the news seems to say the opposite: nature continues to go down the tube; extinction rates are increasing; new threats like climate change are emerging; and beautiful places are being destroyed before our eyes. All this is true; and yet, paradoxically, there is increasing evidence that conservation is working. How so? Surely, if things are getting worse, it is obvious that conservation is failing. Well, no. For sure, the overall situation is getting worse, but not as fast as would be the case if we were doing no conservation at all.

For example, in , scientists at BirdLife International showed that conservation action had prevented 16 bird species from going extinct during the time period. In , scientists from the Durrell Wildlife Conservation Trust found that sustained conservation action from to resulted in eight species being down-listed to lower categories of threat on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species meaning they are now less at risk of extinction.


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Once again, this suggests that although too little was spent on conservation, it had a significant level of success. As a result, decision-makers are now in a position, for the first time, to forecast what the positive impacts of any increase in conservation spending are likely to be in relation to different scenarios of human development pressure, and then compare these forecasts to their policy targets such as the Sustainable Development Goals.

There is one clear conclusion from these and similar studies: conservation does work, but we do not do anywhere close to enough of it. The threats to nature are certainly growing and this means that we have to spend more on conservation just to stand still. In practice, to achieve the level of success that we need, governments will need to do much more, but so will all of us, including commercial corporations.

In conclusion, we should say a little about what Synchronicity Earth thinks about some of the issues raised in this article. By design we have a team with diverse expertise and views. But we also stand by some clear values. We strongly support the intrinsic value of nature as our basic reason for doing conservation. It is our love for the wild species on this Earth, and the beauty of its natural habitats, that keeps us motivated every day to fight on behalf of nature. Conservation action is of course highly context-dependent, but we believe that the intrinsic value of nature should nevertheless underpin all the conservation initiatives that we support.

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However, we also recognize that ecosystem services and natural capital are not abstract or artificial concepts — they are real! Part of the wonder of nature is the benefits that it brings to people. This is something that we celebrate. Synchronicity Earth is particularly concerned about the forgotten and overlooked species and places that are falling through the cracks of the worldwide conservation effort. We look for the most important needs that are receiving the least funding and support.

This is also why we are developing new programmes on freshwater biodiversity and on threatened Asian species. Synchronicity Earth seeks to be collaborative with others. This includes supporting organisations that empower local communities to take their own conservation actions, such as the work being done by many of our partners in the Congo Basin supporting community forestry initiatives; and partnering with other donors and conservation organizations to develop new partnerships, such as one we have developed on the Critically Endangered White-bellied Heron in Bhutan and India.

It also means we have partners, rather than grantees — we value the honest and open relationships we develop with our partners, and seek to learn from them about how we can provide the most valuable support. Although we are driven by a strong conservation ethic, we recognize that there are many different views on how to achieve conservation.

We try to learn from and with others and to respect those who have different views to us. Within our over-arching conservation ethic, we need to be a broad family, and to embrace each other, to learn, and develop new ideas together. We try to do this within our organization, and through our partnership with others. Exploring the debate on what does and does not count as conservation The ethics of conservation. Why do we want to conserve nature in the first place?